Breaking of the kola nut is a vital ceremony that is a prerequisite and symbol of a welcoming invitation performed at various Igbo gatherings. You may be surprised to learn that the kola nut (aka kolanut) is the origin of the word "cola," and the tree on which it grows is believed among some Nigerian tribes to be the first tree on earth. Ezeonyekwelu split the kola nut, took the tongue of the kola and threw it outside, took one piece of the kola nut and broke it into two pieces with his fingernail, took one and put it on his ikenga platter. It plays numerous roles in the rites and rituals of the people. Like the kola nut it is produced from a big tree. Learn Fruits Names in Igbo Language. It was during the reign of Eze Nrijiofor I (1300-1390AD), the fifth Eze Nri in the line of succession that the Igbo tradition of four market days was instituted. com had taken upon itself to provide all the necessary information required by Nigerians on this portal. This book is also a road map of the Igbo experience in the context of Nigerian histopolitical developments from 1914 to 1976: the crises, the pogrom, and the Biafran phenomenon. We are introduced to kola nuts since the beginning of Things Fall Apart by Chinua Achebe; the kola nut is a very significant object throughout the Igbo culture, it is a seed that grows from a tree in Africa and as Achebe expresses “He who brings kola brings life” (p. Kola nut is a caffeine-containing nut of evergreen trees of the genus Cola, primarily the species Cola acuminata and Cola nitida. Kola nuts, also known as Bissy Nuts, Guru Nuts and Cola Nuts, are the fruits of an African rainforest tree. He stopped, praised her and offered her the kola-nut given to him by the queen. The Igbo's have great penchant for kola nut which has four parts. 4 Alkaloid Classification 3 1. The nut is then broken with a knife, and given out according to seniority. Cola acuminata, an evergreen tree about 20 metres in height, has long, ovoid leaves pointed at both the ends with a leathery texture. Igbo Traditional Wedding facts. The kola nut tradition is used for a variety of events, but principally to welcome guests to a village or house. New Yam Festival procedures in Igbo Land, Nigeria New Yam Festival in Igbo Land is among the esteem cultural festival in Igbo Land, Nigeria. The Igbo People (Tribe) Located in southeastern Nigeria, the people of Igboland (also referred to as the Igbos), are one of the most highly populated groups in southern Nigeria. Find out why Close. Yams are usually the first crop harvested and a very important crop to the people. WONDERS OF BITTER KOLA Bitter kola is another type of kola found in Igbo land of Nigeria. Ceremonially Breaking of the Kola Nut The yam is an indicator of how well a man can work and take care of his family. He took a pot of palm wine and a cock to Nwakobie. Kola nut is used in ceremonies honour Chukwu, chi, Arushi and ancestors and is used as a method of professing innocence when coupled with libations. Ikuaka (inqury/knocking): Ikuaka as we have come to know is the first process of Igba nkwu in igbo culture. In the book "things fall apart" Ani is said to be the goddess of earth and harvest. THE PLACE OF KOLANUT IN NIGERIAN CULTURE. Women do not break kola-nut in the presence of men though they can do so when it is an all women gathering. ” “Nna ayi,” he said. For the Igbo people, the kola nut has traditionally held a central place in many religious ceremonies, as well as in everyday greetings and gatherings. The bitter kola is a type of kola found in parts of Nigeria. This obtains because women do not offer rituals in Igbo tradition. The nut is derived from the kola tree and it is primarily located in. Traditional uses of G. Chinua Achebe put it succinctly, "The kola nut was a sacred fruit and had a very distinct and distinguished role to play in Igbo life and culture". The caffeine -containing fruit of the tree is a flavoring ingredient in drinks. According to Words are Sweet: Igbo Stories and Storytelling, it is the highest form of hospitality. The kola-nuts are the highest symbol of Igbo hospitality. Kola nut commonly called bissy in Jamaica is always in most people cupboards (US it is called pantry)It is used as a home remedy to stop food poisoning or cure food poisoning. The yam is also a symbol of a ritual in which two children were sacrificed to feed a village. Garcinia kola is a flowering plant that belongs to the Guttiferae or Clusiaceae family. The four segments characterize the impending blessings which will be bestowed on anyone who participates in the sharing/eating of kola nut. Kola Nut is the first thing served to the visitor of one’s Ibo home, It is served before many important functions start. The Igbo, a tribe in southern Nigeria, consider the kola nut tree to be the first tree (and fruit) on earth. ” This leads to malnutrition in many cases (4 p309). Igbo culture. The nut is most commonly broken to welcome houseguests into one's home. In Igbo culture, women are forbidden from either planting, climbing, plucking or breaking the kola nut. Kola nut is a wonderful fruit in West African that serves as food and medication. Health Benefits Of Bitter Kola. Weddings are occasions to show best outfits, handbags, jewelry, and even dancing styles. Natural kola nut extract has now been replaced by synthetic citrate caffeine in many leading brands of cola drink, although some advertised as 'natural cola' include kola nut in their ingredients. Ọjị is served before an important function begins, be it marriage ceremony, settlement of family disputes or entering into any type of agreement. The Igbo, a tribe in southern Nigeria, consider the kola nut tree to be the first tree (and fruit) on earth. The incident led to the suspension of the traditional ruler of Umueri, Igwe Ben Ameke from the traditional council for being the mastermind of the fracas for one year because of what other royal fathers described as his fragrant violation of customs and tradition of Igbo land as it concerns the rules surrounding the breaking of kola nuts. Achebe describes the transformation of the kola as a cultural sign. It is believed that anyone who brings kola nut brings life hence the saying "onye wetara oji wetara ndu". 5" wide $1200. g Anambra, Abia, Delta etc. • Exploit opportunity to supply kola nuts to producers of soft drinks, fruit juice, flavored and energy drinks He who brings kola brings life’. During the communion the Igbo people send praises and glory to Chukwu. Cola acuminata is an evergreen tree of about 20 meters in height, and has long, ovoid leaves pointed at both the ends with a leathery texture. But recently, I have noticed a trend where a title holder from Nri or any Nri native is called upon to come and pick up a lobe of kola nut before others. Called ‘Okwa Oji’ by the Igbo, it was used to offer Kola nuts to visitors and to make offerings to ancestors and other deities. Two kola-nuts may be served to a titled man. It is said that the kola nut does not speak or understand any other language except Igbo. Like other kola nut variants it is bitter in taste. Working Skip trial 1 month free. Kola nut (kolanut) benefits include a caffeine-charged energy boost, natural weight loss with a metabolic increase, and promoting digestion. history and tradition of the people of igbo- etiti PREFACE In preparing mankind for the emerging world of the next century and beyond and for the inevitable global interdependence, researchers on history, ethnography and anthropology should not overlook the differences among people and cultures. Ikuaka (inqury/knocking): Ikuaka as we have come to know is the first process of Igba nkwu in igbo culture. In the olden days it took awhile before kola is broken. Jiji Nigeria Blog 30 Health Benefits Of Bitter Kola – And Even More! Health benefits of bitter kola nut are truly hard to underestimate! The benefit of bittercola has been discovered thousands of years ago. It is just a question of mentality similar to the biblical regard for women. The music is generally used during masquerades, dance,. They are used not only in rituals of respect between friends and neighbors, but also as sacrifices to the gods and chi. Kola nut among the Igbo people of Nigeria is something bigger than that popular seed crop tree grown in the Central and Western part of Africa. When the Ibo people use the kola nuts, it resembles how Christians break bread and dip it in wine. Thank you for all the interesting photos from everyday life. Kola Nut & The Igbo Culture There was a wealthy man in Okonkwo’s Village who had three huge barns, nine wives and thirty children. a - nigeria HISTORY The socio- religious importance of koka nuts among the people of Izzi in particular and Igbo land in general cannot be over stated and the living as well as an avenue for evolving duties and divinities to be present at the proceeding marriage ceremony and the. The convention, attended by over 400 guests, included live entertainment, dancing, food, and even a masquerade. ” This leads to malnutrition in many cases (4 p309). All structured data from the file and property namespaces is available under the Creative Commons CC0 License; all unstructured text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. This is the first presentation to visitor(s) and it is normally presented to male by male, a woman can bring it and give it to man to present to the visitor and if a female visitor is there, he can only show it to her by saying (Oji Abila) Kola has come. Ndi nwoke n'eri ya ma ndi nwanyi ufodu mgbe ha choro. The white chalk, nzu , is a significant part of traditional Igbo propitiation and rites. They are not obliged to come with anything at this early stage but as a sign of goodwill they come with kola nut and hot drinks. Kola nut has a bitter taste and contains caffeine and theobromine, which lends to its ability to increase alertness and sharpen the mind. In the place where I come from we call it Ugoro or Akiilu(or Akuilu) and it grows abundantly in Igbo land. Perhaps because kola nut has a long history of use in the preparation of beverages in African. Like yam which is the king of crops, kola nut is considered a man's fruit. Although the caffeine-containing fruit of the tree is sometimes used as a beverage flavoring, it has great spiritual significance in Igbo land. He who brings kola brings life. Kola nut is the fruit of the kola tree, a genus of trees that are native to the tropical rainforests of Africa. The Kola Nut tradition is used for a variety of events, but it is a principal when welcoming guest to a village or house. Sophomore English (R) Things Fall Apart Web Quest. Are you aware of the 10 reasons why bitter kola is highly sought after? This article unravels some important information about this amazing plant. The Yam Yam production is hard labor, so it was considered a symbol of masculinity in the Igbo culture. The kola nut tradition is used for a variety of events, but principally to welcome guests to a village or house The kola-nuts are the highest symbol of Igbo hospitality. 1 Later drinks including Pepsi Cola and Coca Cola now the most. For example, Hausa people say this is miji-goro, Igbo tribe calls it akiilu, and Yoruba community calls it orogbo. 11 Elaeis guineenis Palm nut aku 10 Cucurbita pepo Pumpkin seed mkpuru anyu, ugboguru Milled dry and used for soup 9 Cola nitida (2 var) Kola nut oji igbo Eaten as stimulant and for cultural purposes Cola acuminate (2 Kola nut oji awusa Eaten as stimulant and for cultural purposes var. “When a man is at peace with his gods and ancestors, his harvest will be good or bad according to the strength of his arm. Breaking the Kola Nut. *** This guide is based on the Umunze people of Orumba South LGA in Anambra state. As the Igbo prays with kola nut, so does his Yoruba brother take up his preferred four lobed native kola or kola acuminate to pray for the welfare of his visitor and that of his family:. 4 Alkaloid Classification 3 1. The commonest number of cotyledons that can be found in "Oji-Igbo" is four, which signifies the four markets in Igbo land; namely Eke, Orie, Afor and Nkwo. Working Skip trial 1 month free. The kola nut is of such importance that any visitor to an Igbo household is regarded as unwelcome until it is offered, broken, shared and eaten by all present. The people of West Africa developed traditions that established unity with the kola nut as the central element. Kola-nut or Oji and Nzu (chalk) has significant meaning to the Igbo because of the breaking, blessing and sharing of Kola-nut or Oji is a tradition which has been handed down from ancestor to ancestor for hundreds of years. This is done in presences of the village or town people, who serve as a witness to the both union. Kola is usually in two varieties namely bitter kola and kola nuts. Significance of Kola nut. The kola nut does not hear, speak, or understand the English language [Ásụ̀sụ̀ Ị̀gbò, Igbo] So intertwined are culture and language that only the highest level of autochthonous oratory can bless the kola nut. It could be said, though, that most Igbo do carve and use masks, but the function of these masks vary from village to village. Ikuaka (inqury/knocking): Ikuaka as we have come to know is the first process of Igba nkwu in igbo culture. He took a pot of palm wine and a cock to Nwakobie. Osu caste in Igbo land Osu is an Igbo language which literally means an outcast among the society. 2015 "Breaking the Kola Nut on New Ground: Liberated Africans in Grenada," Mobilizing Memory, Collegium for African American Research (CAAR) Conference, Liverpool Hope University, Liverpool, Jun. Kola Nut (Igbo Kola/Obi Abata): Imported from Nigeria and other west African countries. In the olden days it took awhile before kola is broken. He takes each nut & praies over them. Kola nuts are used as a religious object and sacred offering during prayers, ancestor veneration, and significant life events, such as naming ceremonies, weddings, and funerals. It is a symbol of progress and happiness. "He who brings kola nut brings life," he said. A woman blessing and serving kola nut: This is a taboo in Igbo culture. It is often used ceremonial… Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. It is not customary to present three kola-nuts at a time. You may be surprised to learn that the kola nut (aka kolanut) is the origin of the word “cola,” and the tree on which it grows is believed among some Nigerian tribes to be the first tree on earth. 5" tall x 14" wide Mid 20th Century, signs of age and use. You have reviewed three websites regarding the cultural importance of the kola nut, which will help you prepare to read the novel Things Fall Apart. The kola-nut is the highest symbol of Igbo hospitality. Igbo Cultural Connection Series; ICCS. Obi Abata Divination A. “Thank you. Also, majority of Igbo communities regard kola nut with three lobes as “Ọjị Okike. His local Igbo cow Oguejiofor paced around the compound with his pet dog coming to me now and then Encounter With Amaechi At 89 - By Okey Maduforo Encounter With Amaechi At 89 - By Okey Maduforo It was under the old mango tree that yours truly sat for about twenty-five minutes waiting for him to join me at his garden. Cola acuminata is an evergreen tree of about 20 meters in height, and has long, ovoid leaves pointed at both the ends with a leathery texture. Ọjị is the first thing served to any visitor in an Igbo home. The Igbo's have great penchant for kola nut which has four parts. He who made the Kola nut The King of all foods! We come to You, our maker We break the Kola nut Before You, maker of the Kola The food that never fills the stomach But it is the King of all food! We have the Cassava and the Yam But the Kola is the King of all food It is not eaten with Palm oil It is not pounded on mortar Nor stewed in a dish of. He said the the word Igbo is a mispronounciation of the word Hebrew which was used by the British who colonized the area in the past. The Igbo occupy some lands south of the Benue River and some on both sides of the Niger River. Yams are usually the first crop harvested and a very important crop to the people. Kola Nut; The kola nut is a significant part of Igbo traditions. However, kola nuts and. There are many factors which in the olden days can make one to be referred to as OSU ;. The Kola Nut tradition is used for a variety of events, but it is a principal when welcoming guest to a village or house. “I have kola,” he announced when he sat down, and passed the disc over to his guest. Yoruba adage said “Bitter-kola is found yearly, kola-nut is found annually on market display”, as a result of this adage it is believed and reflected in the prayer that said “kola-nut will push away death and the person will live to see another year”. Ezeonyekwelu split the kola nut, took the tongue of the kola and threw it outside, took one piece of the kola nut and broke it into two pieces with his fingernail, took one and put it on his ikenga platter. Kola nut is served at many Igbo ceremonies such as marriages and new yam festivals. Papa took one of the kola nuts and, holding it aloft, spoke a few sentences in Igbo. By and large, kola nut is significant in the socio-cultural life of the Igbo, and that explains the aura that surrounds the fruit and reverence given to it by an average Igbo man. Subsequently, we will write on the other tribes as Naijaquest. or presentation of kola nuts to a guest. 5" wide $1200. He did so with a tray load of kola nuts, the roundish caffeine-fruit that plays a very important role in his Igbo traditional welcome rituals for guests. Kola-nut or Oji and Nzu (chalk) has significant meaning to the Igbo because of the breaking, blessing and sharing of Kola-nut or Oji is a tradition which has been handed down from ancestor to ancestor for hundreds of years. Kola nut popularly called "Oji" in igbo is considered a sacred nut in Igboland. Traditional uses of G. The kola nut still remains a significant aspect of Igbo culture; these are eaten at every formal gathering and during family and social visits. The kola nut ritual of greeting and welcoming someone to an Igbo home. In Nigeria, the kola nut is a revered part of culture. Ọji Igbo (Igbo kola nut) with four cotyledons is called "ọji udo na Ngọzi," the English translation being "kola of peace and blessing. The kola nut is a caffeine-containing nut of evergreen trees of the genus Cola, primarily of the species Cola acuminata and Cola nitida. ” Audience members will be given a kola nut to take home. Its a very common practice at igbo events even today. The origin of our word “Cola”. kola nut ceremony Igbo Kola Nut Ceremony Usually, the oldest man among the host audience is asked to bless the kola nuts. THE PLACE OF KOLANUT IN NIGERIAN CULTURE. This can be seen in a part of the novel, when Okoye and Unoka meet, that Unoka “prayed to their ancestors for life and health and for protection against their enemies”, at the time of breaking the kola nut. Social rituals (kola nuts, alligator pepper, chalk, small talk, and proverbs) Music, entertainment, food, and drink; In his goal to demonstrate the complexity and sophistication of Igbo society, Achebe gradually introduces these details when they are relevant to the story. "He who brings kola nut brings life," he said. As Ndigbo would say, 'He who brings kola brings. “I have kola,” he announced when he sat down, and passed the disc over to his guest. Igbo culture (Igbo: Ọmenala ndị Igbo) are the customs, practices and traditions of the Igbo people of. There is !' A Study of the Language of Kola Nut in Traditional Igbo Setting- Geraldine I. What are two examples of hospitality in things fall apart? one would be the kola nut it was used. "Unoka went into an inner room and soon returned with a small wooden disc containing a kola nut, some alligator pepper and a lump of white chalk. Igbo Kola Nut Ceremony. The offering of drinks, food and meat are not regarded so important in Igbo culture as the offering of kola-nuts. In most cases, kola nut is being confused with bitter kola (Garcinia kola) which is known as Namijin Gworo in Hausa, Aki Ilu in Igbo, and Orogbo in Yoruba, they are different, though have almost the same health benefits. Óji is a prevalent seed in Nigeria and many other African-Caribbean countries, it is however of great significance in the Igboland. The monarch was suspended for one year for allegedly being the mastermind of the fracas, as other royal fathers said he engages in fragrant violation of customs and tradition of Igbo land as it concerns the rules surrounding the breaking of kola nuts. It is believed that he who brings kola brings life, and all who partake in the breaking and eating share life, blessings and community. The Igbo present and eat the alligator pepper together with kola nuts. Other events where it may be shared include marriage ceremonies, entering into an agreement, and settling family disputes. Its a very common practice at igbo events even today. KOLA NUT IN IGBO LAND (OJI IGBO) BY CHIBUNZE JOSEPH Óji, is a native seed grown in the sultry forest. Kola symbolizes the hospitality extended on every important occasion. what marvelled or marvels the Igbos. Igbo language is at the core of Igbo Catholic Commnunity. Their social use and status was important in Igbo hospitality. Breaking of the kola nut is a vital ceremony that is a prerequisite and symbol of a welcoming invitation performed at various Igbo gatherings. Research published in the 2004 edition of “Phytotherapy Research” showed that kola nut was effective at reducing the growth and development of members of the mycobacterium species, the bacteria responsible for illnesses such as meningitis and tuberculosis. But I think you ought to break it,” replied Okoye, passing back the disc. “Thank you. Kola nut is a caffeine-containing nut of evergreen trees of the genus Cola, primarily the species Cola acuminata and Cola nitida. Solomon Ogbonna; maybe or maybe not, an Nze ama oke ani; and other non Igbo persons. Meet the Igbo, Nigeria’s Lost Jewish Tribe Sam like the chewing of the bitter and caffeinated kola nut and the. Whenever a kola-nut appeared in a gathering, the matter to be discussed at that particular time was regarded as very vital. WILD KOLA NUT POWDER REPLACES COFFEE NON-GMO BULK HERB-1-5 LBS. To the Igbo, Oji is not all about the small seed - non-juicy unattractive, red or yellowish derived from the pod of a tree called Osisi Oji, it is more of its socio-cultural significance. The Kola nut is very important to the Igbo people: used only on special occasions and holidays, it is symbol of the the culture and traditions of Umuofia. The Kola nut has been a major part of the fabric of African life for centuries particularly in Niger, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, and Liberia, and predominantly for the Yoruba, Hausa and Igbo people. In most cases, kola nut is being confused with bitter kola (Garcinia kola) which is known as Namijin Gworo in Hausa, Aki Ilu in Igbo, and Orogbo in Yoruba, they are different, though have almost the same health benefits. The New Yam Festival is therefore a celebration depicting the prominence of yam in the social-cultural life of Igbo people. What are two examples of hospitality in things fall apart? one would be the kola nut it was used. The kola nut contains about 2 to 3 percent caffeine and 1 to 2 percent theobromine, both of which act as stimulants. Deceased ancestors live in the world of the Alusi, and may also be contacted by the Dibia. The visitors which were referred to as 'o bialu ije ekwu okwu'-visitors that do not talk, were astonished when they heard their names being mentioned by the Eze. Nigeria is a principal producer of kola nuts, producing about 150,000 tons annually of which over 90 % are locally consumed. In the olden days it took awhile before kola is broken. She insisted that change is a constant in life and that because as the Igbo say, “ndi nwuru anwu kee ekpe, ndi di ndu kegharia; and omenelu gbaa afo oburu omenala”. kola nut the seed of the cola, an African tree. the social – religious significance of kola nuts to izzi l. Evil Forest was also the leader of the nine egwugwu and the eldest son. He took a pot of palm wine and a cock to Nwakobie. Find out why Close. Found mostly in Benin and other African countries like Nigeria, Ghana, Togo etc. A good natural source of caffeine and associated health benefits. The clan head in the company of others, including the. The white chalk, nzu , is a significant part of traditional Igbo propitiation and rites. Many believe that bitter kola is a magic nut that can treat a lot of illnesses and conditions. Solomon Ogbonna; maybe or maybe not, an Nze ama oke ani; and other non Igbo persons. In addition to Nigeria, Kulanu works with Jewish communities in Ethiopia, Uganda, Kenya, Ghana, Cameroon and Zimbabwe. The presentation of the kola nut is a functional event in our society; but ịgọ ọji is ceremony; and it is not uncommon to find commentators who assume that a people who devote some of their time to ceremony have a more genuine interest in culture than those who do not. The commonest number of cotyledons that can be found in "Oji-Igbo" is four, which signifies the four markets in Igbo land; namely Eke, Orie, Afor and Nkwo. For the Igbo people, the kola nut has traditionally held a central place in many religious ceremonies, as well as in everyday greetings and gatherings. She offered him kola-nut as a gesture of hospitality. Igbo landing a defiant act for freedom dignitaries will consecrate the ground and pay tribute to their relatives with a ceremonial breaking of a native Kola nut. It is a symbol of progress and happiness. I watched them break the kola nuts It wqs tooby-tooby here and wolly-wolly there The Ndiigbo in a town the size of Uwani With Igbo Kwenu here and Igbo The Igbos and Kola Nut - ChatAfrik Home. The offering of drinks, food and meat are not regarded so important in Igbo culture as the offering of kola-nuts. 爐 “Ima Mbem” is used for social commentary. But it is so relished by the Igbos that they can be seen chewing it with gusto during Iwa Ọjị ceremonies. In Things Fall Apart, and in Igbo culture in general, the ritual of the kola nut is which of the following? a symbol of respect and hospitality a symbol of respect among family members. The latest Tweets from Igbo Conference (@IgboConference). The kola nut tells a story about where you have been and where you are going. Garcinia kola, sometimes confused with the west African cola nut, Cola nitida/C. Ọjị Igbo, - cola acuminata, has more than two cotyledons or seed leaves which is the material that is chewed. Things Fall Apart Quotes. Moreover, the belief in the chi, an. The kola nut does not hear, speak, or understand the English language [Ásụ̀sụ̀ Ị̀gbò, Igbo] So intertwined are culture and language that only the highest level of autochthonous oratory can bless the kola nut. 爐 “Ima Mbem” is used for social commentary. The kola-nuts are the highest symbol of Igbo hospitality. Ọjị Awụsa or gworo, -. Then the guests will take their kola nuts home so that the kola nut will describe itself to those who didn’t attend the traditional marriage ceremony. Starting from iru mgbede to the night of the wedding!. The authentic carriers of Igbo religion include religious functionaries, the family, and the elders. So every Igbo man looks forward to marriage and when asked why he or she wants to get married, the answer comes handily “so I can have my own children” so as to carry on my lineage. WONDERS OF BITTER KOLA Bitter kola is another type of kola found in Igbo land of Nigeria. Kola nuts have a long history in West African cultures, particularly in Niger and Nigeria, where it is used in a number of ceremonies, divination, and in social settings. The kola-nuts are the highest symbol of Igbo hospitality. 4 Alkaloid Classification 3 1. Kola nut (kolanut) benefits include a caffeine-charged energy boost, natural weight loss with a metabolic increase, and promoting digestion. The purpose of the kola nut is said to be reconciling and uniting people in a covenant of trust. The commonest number of cotyledons that can be found in "Oji-Igbo" is four, which signifies the four markets in Igbo land; namely Eke, Orie, Afor and Nkwo. New Yam Festival procedures in Igbo Land, Nigeria New Yam Festival in Igbo Land is among the esteem cultural festival in Igbo Land, Nigeria. In virtually every Igbo ceremony, alligator peppers and kola nuts are presented to guests at the top of the agenda and prior to any other food or entertainment. Whenever people meet at someone's house, a kola nut is broken to acknowledge them. OMPARATIVE STUDY OF PHYSICOCHEMICAL ANALYSIS OF BOREHOLE WATER AND SACHET WATER IN OWERRI MUNICIPAL, IMO STATE EXTRACTION OFALKALOIDS FROM THREE NIGERIAN PLANTS, KOLA ACCUMINATA (OJI IGBO), KOLA VERA (OJI HAUSA), AND GAXCINA KOLA (BITTER KOLA). Igbo Cultural Connection Series; ICCS. He takes each nut & praies over them. Wonderful kola, also known as miracle seeds or memory nut, is extremely popular nowadays thanks to its benefits in treatment many health problems. He then goes to see Ani for forgiveness with a kola nut. Kola ( cola acuminate / colanitida) nuts are first prayed to before passing it on from the eldest to the youngest in a group as a ritual, to evade all likely future mishaps. The kola nut tradition is used for a variety of events, but principally to welcome guests to a village or house. One becomes influential in this culture by earning titles. The caffeine-containing fruit of the tree is used as a flavouring ingredient in…. He who brings kola brings life. You may be surprised to learn that the kola nut (aka kolanut) is the origin of the word "cola," and the tree on which it grows is believed among some Nigerian tribes to be the first tree on earth. In Igbo land for instance, Kola acuminata is the kind mainly used for occasions or ceremonies. In the igbo culture and traditions, the Kola-nut plays a significant role in the ways of life of the people and the igbo society at large. Deceased ancestors live in the world of the Alusi, and may also be contacted by the Dibia. However, kola nuts and. This is the first presentation to visitor(s) and it is normally presented to male by male, a woman can bring it and give it to man to present to the visitor and if a female visitor is there, he can only show it to her by saying (Oji Abila) Kola has come. In this regard, this paper is a reminiscent of the history of kolanut as a significant socio-cultural symbol of identification of the Igbo origin of hospitality, unity and. Generally, the Igbo people share a common basic culture centered ona common language, common institutions and common igious and cosmological beliefs. You may be surprised to learn that the kola nut (aka kolanut) is the origin of the word "cola," and the tree on which it grows is believed among some Nigerian tribes to be the first tree on earth. 1 SYMBOLISM OF KOLANUT The kolanut content is not conceptualized ordinarily by the Igboman but much in philosophical dimension as the totality of the Igbo culture with psychological providence. Oji-Igbo with three cotyledons is regarded as 'Oji Nze" or "Oji Dike" (Kola nut for titled men). Unlike other kola nuts (Kola nitida, Kola acuminata), G. Found in 0 ms. Yam are the first crops to be harvested and are the most important crop of the region, the new yam festival is an annual cultural festival by the igbo people held at the end of the rainy seasons in early august. Igbo Elder Chief Dozie Ikedife from Nigeria breaks a traditional Kola nut during a ceremonial breaking of the bread along with a delegation of fellow Igbo Chiefs Saturday at the Igbo Landing site. This type of unity within a variable cultural complex had full expression n i the area as in the kola-nut and white chalk customs, the vigor in Igbo music and dance movements, their highly. Whenever an elder or priest arrived, the Kola-nut would be presented to them in honor of their rank. Likewise, the kola nut ritual has three elements in Igbo land - first is the kola nut itself; then igo ofor oji, in which one having ofor imbues in the kolanut the sanctifying graces of truth, justice, and righteousness in agreement with the communicants. This sculptured container originates among the Igbo, the largest ethnic group in Nigeria. Bearing gifts,. They consider the nut to be a symbol of hospitality, kindness and fraternity. Sharing of the kola nut by Igbo chiefs @ Igbo New Yam Festival Igbo New Yam Festival a yearly harvest by the Igbo people in early august at the end of the rainy season. "He's praising God, thanking him for the kola and for our safe journey," Isaiah said. But not only were they the main food supply but the reason these people lived. Ernest Ojukwu SAN Articulates Plausible Manifesto to Lead NBA -… Bike Accident: PDP Prays For Yusuf Buhari. Nothing is revered any more in Igbo land. Unoka went into an inner room and soon returned with a small wooden disc containing a kola nut, some alligator pepper and a lump of white chalk. kola nut depicts these two Igbo. It plays numerous roles in the rites and rituals of the people. Africa information on the amazing health benefits of Bitter Kola, a powerful nut scientifically known as garcinia kola, is published on InformAfrica. “Thank you. and for those who ask what is wonderful kola called in igbo it is known as uke. But blessing of kola nut is exclusively done by elders. By Catherine Obianuju Acholonu Adapted from a paper published under the title “ Ogam Philosophical Language and the Lost Nation of Tilmun ” in UNESCO Nigeria published booklet Reflections on Indigenous Philosophical Thought, 2008, Abuja. ” Among the Igbo, “Okike” is the creative deity. As the Igbo prays with kola nut, so does his Yoruba brother take up his preferred four lobed native kola or kola acuminate to pray for the welfare of his visitor and that of his family:. In Igbo ceremonies, breaking of kola nut is followed up with the distribution of kola nut. The students nodded vigorously for a few seconds, and then one explained that he knew the motions of breaking the kola nut. Thank you for all the interesting photos from everyday life. Four kola-nuts or multiples of four are served at big. In Igbo society, the traditional music is usually upbeat and lively; the music is comprised of a variety of sounds that allow people to incorporate the music into many aspects of their daily lives. "Unoka went into an inner room and soon returned with a small wooden disc containing a kola nut, some alligator pepper and a lump of white chalk. La pianta di Garden egg Bitter Kola: anche essa svolge la funzione di Kola Nut, ma ha un gusto amaro La pianta e la frutta, dalla quale si ricava la Bitter Kola GREEN , verdura comunemente utilizzata per fare i "porridge" di vari cibi, normalmente non si usano per preparare le zuppe tradizionali. Throughout Western Africa, a small piece of nut is chewed before each meal to promote digestion. Some people have allergy reaction after eating canned meat such as sardines and tin mackerel, and seafood such as lobster and crab. Monroe collection, US. Found in 0 ms. Kola nuts are not only known for its origin to many American and European soft-drinks and its chewing by labourers to diminish hunger and fatigue, but even more for its sacred significance in Igboland. In Nigeria, the kola nut is a revered part of culture. The Ibo culture still seems to be going strong as so many of the tribesmen strictly and closely follow their traditions. SOAS, Uni of London. In Igbo culture customs and tradition are very important. But it is so relished by the Igbos that they can be seen chewing it with gusto during Iwa Ọjị ceremonies. or presentation of kola nuts to a guest. "Onye wetara oji, wetara ndu" (He who brings kolanut brings life) said Ray Anumba, the public relations officer of the Mbari Cultural Centre in Owerri, as he broke the customary kolanut -a symbol of welcome and acceptance among the Igbos. Ọjị is the first thing served to any visitor in an Igbo home. Breaking the kola-nut is supposed to bring good health and protection from one’s enemies. In Igboland however, the kola nut is more than that. kolaland is a dynamic & vertical enterprise with the goal of providing customers with the authentic freshness & taste of African Kolanut. Whenever a kola nut appeared in a gathering, the matter to be discussed at that particular time was regarded as very vital. “Thank you. Therefore, this research work is derived by the enthuasim to investigate the origin of “Ọfọ”, its effects on the Igbo (Neni) people’s life. The Igbo Society use the Kola nut, chalk and palm wine for greeting rituals and religion rituals. Igbo elders believe that once the Kola nuts have been blessed with incantations (which can only be said in Igbo) then and only then will the visitors feel ensured that they are well and truly welcomes. Kola Nuts, Nigeria In the Igbo tribe of southern Nigeria, kola nuts are commonly used for medicinal purposes. Find out your derived Igbo name from the market day you were born. com is a social media network for Nigerian Languages and Culture, where you can post, discover and share Nigerian videos, pictures, words, pronunciations & translations in Nigerian Languages (currently Hausa, Igbo, Pidgin, Yoruba). Obi Abata Divination A. The kola nut symbolizes hospitality. "Thank you. The Yam Yam production is hard labor, so it was considered a symbol of masculinity in the Igbo culture. Proverbs are first mentioned in the novel in chapter one when the tradition of passing the kola nut for fellowship and alliance is addressed. It was used in most commonly in ceremonies but also as a healing herb. Not only does the guide describe the wide variety of the traditions in this part of Nigeria, attention is also paid to normal day-to-day facets of life in the town and villages. 4 Alkaloid Classification 3 1. I will give Juju films photo credit and link it back to your blog. "He who brings kola nut brings life," he said. This well-worn kola nut bowl has its origin among the Igbo who are one of the Read article.